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July 2, 2013

China probes European wines

Filed under: solar lighting — Tags: — solaroutdoorlight @ 3:42 am

China on Monday formally launched an investigation into whether the European Union is subsidising and dumping wine in the Chinese market, potentially increasing its leverage in a dispute with the EU over solar panel imports.

The Chinese government had initially targeted the European wines favoured by its growing middle class hours after the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, levied in June punitive tariffs on Chinese solar panels.

The EU accuses Chinese manufacturers of dumping billions of euros worth of panels at below-production cost, and has warned the duties would rise further unless a negotiated solution was reached by early August.

China’s Commerce Ministry announced it was starting its investigation based on a complaint by domestic wine producers.

“China’s investigation department will strictly abide by China’s relevant laws and regulations and meet the demands of relevant World Trade Organization rules,” an unnamed official said in a statement on the ministry’s website.

“In the investigation process, the Ministry of Commerce will follow the principles of openness, fairness and transparency, fully respect all parties’ legal rights, and make a fair ruling based on objective fact and the relevant laws and regulations.”

European officials have suggested China was targeting European wine in retaliation for the row over the solar industry.

EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht, in China last month for talks, said he hoped any agreement on solar panels would help resolve the wine dispute. EU officials deny the dumping of wine in China or subsidising exports.

China’s newly well-to-do, whose ranks are growing as fast as the economy, have a seemingly unquenchable thirst for European wines, especially those from France. China is now the biggest importer of Bordeaux wines, whose consumption soared 110 percent in 2011 alone.

Trade disputes between China and Europe have multiplied as commercial ties have grown.

The EU recently launched an investigation into alleged dumping by Chinese producers of stone used for counter tops and tiles and has also told Beijing that it is prepared to launch an investigation into anti-competitive behaviour by Chinese producers of mobile telecoms equipment.

In June, the EU levied tariffs on Chinese solar panels at 11.8 percent for two months, but warned that duties averaging 47 percent would be implemented after that period if a negotiated agreement could not be reached.

The European Union is China’s most important trading partner, while for the EU, China is second only to the United States. Click on their website hmhid for more information.

June 19, 2013

Gay Head Lighthouse will retain familiar sweep

Filed under: solar lighting — Tags: — solaroutdoorlight @ 5:43 am

This week,Increase the performance and visual appearance of your headlights with hid lights and bulbs. the Coast Guard announced a change of course for the Gay Head Lighthouse. The sweep of the light’s familiar rotating high-intensity incandescent beacon will remain, at least for the near future.

In April, I can understand the purple/red Colors but why are the clear hid lights illegal?  the Coast Guard said it planned to replace the light’s aging DCB-224 optic, a rotating mechanism that relies on a bank of 1,000-watt incandescent bulbs set behind red and white filters, with modern stationary 80 watt LED bulbs.

Matthew Stuck, United State Coast Guard First District Aids to Navigation program manager, told The Times in April that the change to LED was dictated by factors that included mariner reliability, cost, and the difficulty of finding parts for a mechanism that is more than 40 years old.

News of the change was cause for concern from residents of Aquinnah, the Island’s smallest town, who find reassurance in the nightly sweep of the beam across the landscape and the ocean.

This week, asked what precipitated the change in plans, Mr. Stuck said he didn’t want to “add any pieces to an already moving part.”

He said there is a lot going on with the historic property, including a planned transfer of the structure from the Coast Guard to the town and an effort to save it from toppling over the eroding cliff.Buy hid kit, ballasts, and headlight bulbs.

Mr. Stuck said the search for a DCB-224 optic never stopped, and after one was recently found in Virginia, plans to switch from a beam to a flashing LED ceased.

“We do these kinds of modernization proposals on historical property a lot,” Mr. Stuck said. “We adapt over time, and LEDs are so power friendly, there are no moving parts, they have a longer life, but we’re sensitive to the importance of our obligation to our historical organizations as we consider these modernizations.”

Mr. Stuck believes modernization will be inevitable at the Gay Head Lighthouse, but since a replacement product was found he didn’t see a reason to not use the rare part.

“Nobody loves our maritime history as much as we do,” Mr. Stuck said with a laugh. “And we’re sensitive about doing what we can to make sure we’re making our history accessible.”

He said there is always pressure to be efficient and good stewards of taxpayer dollars. “It’s a constant balancing act,” he added.

The DCB is essentially two back-to-back drums with a red filter on the end of one drum and a white filter on the other. An electric motor rotates the drums slowly within the lighthouse housing. There are two 1,000 watt bulbs in each drum, a primary light and a backup light.

Coast Guard teams visit the lighthouse regularly to provide maintenance and repair. Finding parts has become increasingly difficult. The switch to LED was to have occurred this summer.

Approximately 80 percent of all aids to navigation in the USCG First District now use LED technology — a change made possible by advances in LED technology. It is part of a continuing evolution over the centuries that included the jump from whale oil to kerosene to electric lamps.

Gay Head Light was established in 1799 and consisted of a keeper’s dwelling and an octagonal tower, which guided mariners past Devil’s Bridge, a dangerous rock ledge that extends out to the northwest from the cliffs, and presents a hazard at the west entrance to Vineyard Sound.

First lit with whale oil, then kerosene, it was later outfitted with one of the first Fresnel lenses in the United States. The automatic DCB-224 lens, modern for its day, replaced the original Fresnel lens in 1952, and the station was unmanned just four years later.

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